Lashkar-e-Taiba is sort of the Pakistani version of Hezbollah, in that it's a secondary government that has arisen because the actual state government is frayed and bad at providing basic services to some areas. "Shadow government" is a phrase that keeps getting tossed around.
Lashkar is a big organization with multiple arms and priorities and its leadership is undoubtedly divided over how much risk to take in pursuit of violent operations in India, particularly given the comfort and even wealth the group’s leaders enjoy from their unmolested activities inside Pakistan. If the boys in Mumbai had support from Lashkar, did the group’s leader, Hafez Saeed, who runs Jamat, know of the plan? If so, that would be a radical act that would likely mean the end of his charity’s tenuous legitimacy.
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