The Russo test for LGBT characters
Like the Bechdel test, the function of this is to determine whether the gay characters in any given film are actual characters or just tokens or caricatures.
1. The film contains a character that is identifiably lesbian, gay, bisexual, and/or transgender.
2. That character must not be solely or predominantly defined by their sexual orientation or gender identity. I.E. they are made up of the same sort of unique character traits commonly used to differentiate straight characters from one another.
3. The LGBT character must be tied into the plot in such a way that their removal would have a significant effect. Meaning they are not there to simply provide colorful commentary, paint urban authenticity, or (perhaps most commonly) set up a punchline. The character should matter.
Not every movie is going to meet these qualifications, but I think we can agree that we’d better off in a media environment with a greater variety of stories, some of which pass the Russo test.